Sunday, November 3, 2019

Lobotomies, Women's issues1901


1935 First one was performed by Egas Moniz, Portuguese neurologist for patients with paranoid schizophrenia and depression.  He received the Noble Prize in medicine for it  in 1949, which was controversial.

McLean Hospital, Belmont, Massachusetts--
82% of lobotomies performed on women between 1838-1954; nationwide women consisted of 60-80% of all lobotomies

1901--Bedford Hills women's prison openw with Katherine Bement Davis as Superintendent, change from former prisons as it was not about rescuing fallen women form their sin as to treat women criminals for psychological and mental disease.

1910/11--Bedford Laboratories--Laboratory of Social Hygiene is constructed across the street from Bedford Hills prison.  Financed by John D. Rockefeller Jr this was to study crime and prostitution.

1916--Rockefeller's Bureau of Social Hygiene funds the opening of a psychiatric hospital on the grounds.

1920--Legislature (of MA) orders mentally defective women sent to the Division of Mentally Defective Women at the psychiatric hospital with indefinite sentences that were to be decided by the superintendent.  

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