Saturday, February 2, 2019

Black Organiztions in Topeka predominantly from Cox's Blacks in Topeka

NAACP—founded in 1914 by 1916 had regular monthly meetings at the segregated YMCA

McKinley Club, Bryan and Free Silver Clubs 1897 to 1901

Afro-American League, organized in 1898, ending race violence and restoring black civil rights, integrationist outlook

Afro-American Ministerial Union—appears in the Sept. 1,1901 TDC—w/regard to the Alexander lynching case in Leavenworth.

First Voters’ Club-1913

Colored Republican’s Club—1875

Progressive League 1910—members included Solomon Watkins, James Guy, William Eagleson
1908 Kansas imposes primary system that put limits on blacks voting in primaries but did not bar 

United Colored Links—quasi-political organization concerned with race uplift 

Colored State Emigration Board—black Topeka’s effort at organized philanthropy during the Exodus

Shawnee Cornet Band of Topeka

Young Men’s Independent Club

Colored Labor and trade Union –William Eagleson and John M. Brown members, for the mechanics of the city

Sunflower State Agricultural Association—held annual conference, scientific agriculture
Negro waiters formed a union in 1897, wanted increased wages during conventions of $1.50/day

The Coterie--popular black women’s club, church suppers, whist parties, literature selections, relief work and guest lectures

Colored League-- established in 1887, was designed to provide an outlet for the “beneficial political interests “of it’s members. Concern was unstinting opposition to discrimination in any form.

Colored Free Silver Club-- the cause of free and unlimited coinage of silver at the ratio of 16 to 1 and other reforms beneficial to the entire people, endorsed Gov. Leedy

Ladies Free Silver Club

Interstate Literary Association, 1892

National Federation of Colored Women’s Clubs organized in 1893, by 1917 included 8 different women’s organizations.  

Oriental Club

Oak Leaf Club

Independent Voting League-- John M. Brown, William Eagleson, John W. Barber members, 21 chapters in Kansas

Alpha Assisi Charity Club—broad spectrum from medicines, food supplies, household good.   Financed through private subscriptions from black churches and fraternal orders.  

Kansas Hospital Aid Association—organized under Kansas Industrial Institute in 1919; administrative board dominated by black women, 8 blacks representing other counties in Kansas

Library and Literary Society, the Christian Endeavor Society and the The Mother’s Club—all part of Charles Sheldon’s Tennesseetown initiative

Commercial Club--organized in 1900, name changed to NNBL (National Negro Business League), James Guy, Ira Guy, John Wright members

Young Men’s Educational Organization of Kansas and National Organization of Kansas, founded in 1915-- focus on segregated education

 Booker T. Washington Literary Society (PD 28 February 1902)

Integrated Clubs

Village Improvement Society--Sheldon’s program which was initially supervised by whites to encourage residents to improve their surroundings, organized in 1898

The Topeka Association for the Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis-- beneficiaries of the association’s services paid small amounts.

Kansas Home for the Friendless—sought the prevention and the cure of crime and the redemption of the criminal through temporary relief..

Not Integrated, white only

The Board of Trustees of State Charitable Institutions

Not integrated…

Two Florence Crittendon homes for unwed mothers—sought the restoration of morals, respectability, health of mother and child, sought to make the women self-supporting through industrial education.

No comments:

Post a Comment