NAACP—founded in 1914 by 1916 had regular monthly meetings at the segregated YMCA
McKinley Club, Bryan and Free Silver Clubs 1897 to 1901
Afro-American League, organized in 1898, ending race violence and restoring black civil rights, integrationist outlook
Afro-American Ministerial Union—appears in the Sept. 1,1901 TDC—w/regard to the Alexander lynching case in Leavenworth.
First Voters’ Club-1913
Colored Republican’s Club—1875
Progressive League 1910—members included Solomon Watkins, James Guy, William Eagleson
1908 Kansas imposes primary system that put limits on blacks voting in primaries but did not bar
United Colored Links—quasi-political organization concerned with race uplift
Colored State Emigration Board—black Topeka’s effort at organized philanthropy during the Exodus
Shawnee Cornet Band of Topeka
Young Men’s Independent Club
Colored Labor and trade Union –William Eagleson and John M. Brown members, for the mechanics of the city
Sunflower State Agricultural Association—held annual conference, scientific agriculture
Negro waiters formed a union in 1897, wanted increased wages during conventions of $1.50/day
The Coterie--popular black women’s club, church suppers, whist parties, literature selections, relief work and guest lectures
Colored League-- established in 1887, was designed to provide an outlet for the “beneficial political interests “of it’s members. Concern was unstinting opposition to discrimination in any form.
Colored Free Silver Club-- the cause of free and unlimited coinage of silver at the ratio of 16 to 1 and other reforms beneficial to the entire people, endorsed Gov. Leedy
Ladies Free Silver Club
Interstate Literary Association, 1892
National Federation of Colored Women’s Clubs organized in 1893, by 1917 included 8 different women’s organizations.
Oak Leaf Club
Independent Voting League-- John M. Brown, William Eagleson, John W. Barber members, 21 chapters in Kansas
Alpha Assisi Charity Club—broad spectrum from medicines, food supplies, household good. Financed through private subscriptions from black churches and fraternal orders.
Kansas Hospital Aid Association—organized under Kansas Industrial Institute in 1919; administrative board dominated by black women, 8 blacks representing other counties in Kansas
Library and Literary Society, the Christian Endeavor Society and the The Mother’s Club—all part of Charles Sheldon’s Tennesseetown initiative
Commercial Club--organized in 1900, name changed to NNBL (National Negro Business League), James Guy, Ira Guy, John Wright members
Young Men’s Educational Organization of Kansas and National Organization of Kansas, founded in 1915-- focus on segregated education
Booker T. Washington Literary Society (PD 28 February 1902)
Village Improvement Society--Sheldon’s program which was initially supervised by whites to encourage residents to improve their surroundings, organized in 1898
The Topeka Association for the Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis-- beneficiaries of the association’s services paid small amounts.
Kansas Home for the Friendless—sought the prevention and the cure of crime and the redemption of the criminal through temporary relief..
Not Integrated, white only
The Board of Trustees of State Charitable Institutions
Two Florence Crittendon homes for unwed mothers—sought the restoration of morals, respectability, health of mother and child, sought to make the women self-supporting through industrial education.